April 19, 2020

Saoilim, Smaoinim, Measaim, Machtnuigim, Samhluighim, Braithim, Meabhruighim

Saoilim, vls., -leachtain, -leadh, -ltin, -lsin, ⁊c., v. tr., I expect, endeavour, think to, deem, suppose, think, imagine; ní mar saoiltear bítear, things are not what one expects (prov.); am má saoilid, when they don’t expect; fáth nár saoileadh, an event that was not expected (S. R.); shaoileas riamh nár mhiste, ⁊c. I always thought it was no harm to, etc.; shaoileas go, I thought that, etc.; shaoil siad é mharbhadh, they endeavoured to slay him (Con.); al. sílim. [1977 O’Dónaill: Síl]

Smaoinim, -neadh, -neamh, v. tr., and intr., I think, imagine, reflect, heed; gnly. with ar; do smaoin ar mhór-olc, who conceived great evil; do smaoin ’na mheanmain aige féin, he considered in his mind; nár smaoin bheith fólta, who did not even think of being a laggard. [1977 O’Dónaill: Smaoinigh]

Measaim, vl. meas, v. tr., I measure, calculate, assess (with ar), esteem; judge, consider, dwell upon, think, suppose; mean, intend, want to, determine on; m. do, I expect of; m. gur cóir duit, you should, I think; m. ar, I judge by; m. agam féin, I consider in my own mind; meas anois é, give your estimate (or opinion) now, price it now; péirse beacht má mheas mé díreach, an exact perch if I calculated aright; cad do mheasann tú? what do you say? what is your opinion? what do you mean (by your behaviour, etc.)? do measadh bheith cóir, who was thought to be honest; m. gluaseacht, I propose to depart; cá mheasair dul? where are you trying to go? mheasas a rádh, I meant (or wanted) to say; mheas sé mé bhualadh, he thought to strike me; anois measann tú, now, what do you think (in parenthesis); m. éag dó, I think he will die; an é an fhairrge shnámh do mheasfá dham? would you expect me to swim the ocean? ní mh. an aois sin dó, I don’t consider him that age; cad í an láidreacht do mheasfá dhó? what strength would you say he was? ní mheasfá ortha go, ⁊c., you would never guess from their looks that, etc. [1977 O’Dónaill: Meas]

Machtnuighim, vl. -tnamh and -tnughadh, v. tr. and intr., I wonder, am surprised at; deliberate, reflect, imagine; al. chide; mhachtnuigheas ar dtúis gur fear do bhí ann, I imagined at first it was a man (R. O.); ro mhachtnuigh sin aige féin, he wondered within himself at that; machtnuigh leat féin gach ainnir, ⁊c., consider how every maid, etc. [1977 O’Dónaill: Machnaigh]

Samhluighim, -ughadh, v. tr. and intr., I appear, dream, imagine, expect, think, impute or ascribe to (le), hint at; compare or liken; am like; s. rud le, I compare a thing to, al. suggest regarding a thing; sh. sin leat, I exclude you (from the prophecy, accusation, etc.); bréag níor samhluigheadh leo, no lie was ever imputed to them; cha samhlóchainn leis é, I would not expect it of him; cha samhlann sí feoil nó lionn le n-a broinn in san Cháitin, she has no taste for flesh or ale in Lent (Mon. song); do shamhluigheas go raibh airgead agat, I fancied you had money; ná samhail (-mhluigh) innse, think not to tell; samhluigheadh dam, it appeared to me, meseemed; tánn tú deáthach led’athair atá ’san chré, gura fada beo samhlóchar thú, you resemble your late father, long be you so; al. samhlaim, -ladh (imper. 2s. and pret. 3s., samhail)—compds., iontsamhlaim, I imitate; for-tamhlaim, I surpass. [1977 O’Dónaill: Samhlaigh]

Breathnuighim, -ughad, v. tr. and intr. (with ar), I discern, recognise, examine, judge; conceive, design; I look, appear; I behold, wath; b. ar, a look at; bhí sé ag breathnughadh bheith téagarthach, he looked fairly stout (Inishm.); ag breathnughadh go maith, looking well; b. ubhall le, I award an apple to (S. N.); I resolve; al. breithnighim. [1977 O’Dónaill: Breathnaigh (also look at, watch)]

Braithim, vl. braith, brath, -athadh, v. tr. and intr., I judge, think, imagine; expect; observe, notice; test; feel; perceive; b. feabhas orm féin, I feel myself improved (in health, etc.); do bhraitheas ar a gcainnt go, ⁊c., I gathered from what they said that, etc.; do bhraitheas im aigne, ⁊c., I settled in my mind that; I depend on; ní bheinn ag braith ort, I would not depend on you, i.e., I would seek some other assistance than yours; ag braith ar na cómharsanaibh, depending on the neighbours, having only the neighbours to fall back on; ag braith ar, intending to, expecting to; ag braith ar dhul go Corcaigh, expecting to go to Cork; b. ar, I spy on, reveal, make known; do bhraith sé trí neithe air féin san traothar so, he revealed three things about himself in this work (O’Gadhra); b. uaim, I miss; do bhraitheas go raibh airgead aige, I suspected or fancied he had money; I deceive. [1977 O’Dónaill: Braith (also betray, wait for (with le))]

Meabhruighim, -ughadh, v. tr., intr., I recollect, remember, commit to memory; consider, ponder, plan; notice, perceive, penetrate, realise; remind, suggest, reveal to (with do); make or feel my way (as in the dark); m. mo scéal do chách, I reveal my story to all; m. a-bhaile, I make or feel my way home in the darkness; nach luath do mheabhruigh sé é, at what an early age he (the child) understood the matter; meabhruigh caoin soillse is dealbh na bhflaitheas, quietly consider the brilliance and beauty of heaven (P. F.). [1977 O’Dónaill: Meabhraigh [also meditate])

—Foclóir Gaedhilge agus Béarla, 1927, by Patrick Dinneen

Also see: CEAPADH

April 10, 2020


Ceap, g. cip and ceapa, pl. id., and cipe, m., a block: a shoemaker’s last; the stock or nave of a wheel, esp. a spinning wheel; fuinnseog an t-adhmad is feárr chum an cheapa, ash is the best wood for the stock (of the wheel); do leigeadh rí a ceann ar ch. an cúirne, she used to lay her head on the stock of the spinning wheel; c. fuinnse, an ash last in shoemaking; c. gabhann, anvil block; c. snoigheagain, a block on which to cut or carve out timber; c. treo, the timber block that is used a a socket for a boat mast (Mayo); glas cir, a rim lock; a leader, a progenitor; the head of a tribe or family, a supreme ruler; a battalion, a body of men in square array; a piece of ground; a small cultivated plot, a nursery bed for plants; c. cabáiste, a nursery bed for cabbage plants; stocks (for a pristoner) (Guy); fig. c. magaidh, a laughing stock; c. céille ná it strae mhargaidh, you might as well be a silly vagrant as a man of deep sense; c. tuisle, a stumbling block; c. scarra, id.

Ceapach, -aighe, -acha, f., a plot of land laid out for tillage, a decayed or denuded wood; a kitchen garden (Con.); a village inhabited by one tribe of relatives (P. O’C); oft. in place-names, as C. Chuinn, Cappoquin, in Waterford; C. na Coire, west of Kenmare.

Ceapadh, -rtha, vl., m., act of seizing, controlling, stoppin; thinking; thought, idea, notion; ní raibh aon ch. agam go, I did not in the least imagine that (Con.); suspicion (ib.); act of forming, training up; iad do ch. ó aois leinbh go diadha, to train them up in virtue from childhood (Donl.); act of lasting, as boots; of composing, of appointing; of dreaming or blocking out stone.

Ceapaim, -adh, v. tr., I stop, catch, seize, control; I think, compose, invent, imagine, resolve, determine on; ceap do shuaimhneas, take your time, al. keep quiet; ná ceap é, do not imagine it; I dress stone; I chip, block out; I form, fashion, train up; c. m’aigne chuige, I make up my mind to it; cheapas im aigne go, I imagined that; I build up, bring about, cause, effect; ceapfaidh an dlighe seo drom ag fearaibh an domhain mar Gholl, this law will cause all men to have backs as strong as Goll; I check, restrain, limit, bound, put in the stocks; ceap na gamhna, keep the calves within bounds (Don.); le n-a cheapadh ó, to restrain him from (N. Con.); I appoint, fix on; ceapadh ’na thaoiseach é, he was appointed leader; do cheapas lá don chruinniughadh, I fixed upon a day for the assembly; I put on a last, as boots.

Ceapaire, g. id., pl. -rí, m., a flat cake; bread and butter; ar chnó ná ar ch. ní dhéanfadh sé an teachtaireacht damh, he would not run my errand for nuts or cake, that is nothing would induce him; c. cneadaighe, a butter cake made for a sick person, esp. for a woman in labour, “groaning cake” (N. Con. folk-tale); c. aráin agus ime, a slice of bread and butter; c. adhmaid, a wooden knob (R.O.); a last-maker.

Ceap-áirithe, a., particular.

Ceapán, -áin, pl. id., m., a stump or pin; a little stock or last; a small plot or field.

Ceapánta, indec. a., stiff, rigid; stubborn, positive; niggardly.

Ceapántacht, -a, f., stiffness; niggardliness.

Ceapóg, -óige, -óga, f., a green plot before a house; any green or bare plot; a quire-song (Contr.); a little stick; c. rámhainne, a worthless or worn-down spade; dim. of ceap; dim. ceapóigín; al. ciopóg, cipeog.

Ceap-órd, m. a sledge-hammer, a hammer for dressing stone.

Ceap-órdacht, -a, f., use of a sledge-hammer; dressing of stone, etc.; gan ch., in a state of crudeness.

Ceap-scaoileadh, m., propagation, descent of a family; development.

Ceap-schoilim, -leadh, v. tr., I propagate; I trace the branches of a family; I develop.

Ceapthach, -thaighe, a., given to planning, conceiving, projecting, framing; inventive.

Ceapuighthe (ceaptha, ceapaithe), p. a., invented, imagined, determined, planned; thought out; intended; selected; appointed; an lá bhí c. aca, the day thay had fixed upon; well-formed; buachaill c., a well-built youth.

—Foclóir Gaedhilge agus Béarla, 1927, by Patrick Dinneen

1977 O’Dónaill: Ceap